Who Invented Soccer? We Explore The Roots Of The Beautiful Game
Who invented soccer or football or — the more diplomatic approach — association football (soccer for short)? It’s a history lesson that’s often summed up or bastardized with a simple answer: England invented it.
Sorry to break it to you folks, the "England created football" answer doesn’t quite cut it. Germany is also an inadequate answer. As we’ll see soon enough, the answer consists of multiple fragments all combined into a mosaic that is our beloved sport. Oh, England. As if the “Football's Coming Home” World Cup mania didn’t backfire too.
Who Invented Soccer?
Association football differentiates one sport from several different kinds of sports which all revolve around a ball and playing while on one’s feet. Football or soccer is the main definition of association football while gridiron football is what we see in the NFL. Gaelic football or the very similar rugby football are the other two subdivisions. The main shared component is the collection of sports being played on foot rather than on a horse, hence football.
The complicated part of the answer is football’s place in our existence’s spectrum. The world’s unifying sport has several traces dating back to ancient times and several cultures. For instance, in Chinese and Japanese history, the respective games Cuju and Kemari both involved the kicking of a ball into a net for a scored point. This dates back to 600 A.D. for Japan and the 13th century for China, during the Yuan Dynasty.
Did you know people in the Tang Dynasty were huge fans of the #soccer ball? Cuju is an old Chinese sport very similar to modern soccer and also the earliest form of soccer according to #FIFA. Tang emperors started Cuju contest in Chang’an more than a thousand years ago! pic.twitter.com/ny7VUSLJwn— Visit Shaanxi (@visitshaanxi) July 13, 2018
In Western civilization, both the Romans and the Greeks are reported to have played a version of modern day football. In Rome the game was Harpastum and in Greece Episkyros. FIFA cites Episkyros as an official predecessor of contemporary football.
There are also indications that the Inuit people of Greenland played some sort of football, as reported by English explorer John Davis. In early 1600s Virginia, historian William Strachey recorded a game played by Native Americans called Pahsaheman, also similar to football. Australia’s indigenous people also played a game called Marn Grook which translates to “game ball.”
Pahsaheman is said to have segregated teams with an all men vs. all women dynamic:
— Matthew Kim (@matthew20kim) February 20, 2017
New Zealand’s Maori people also played a game called Ki-o-rahi, where teams of seven players played in a circular field and to earn a point, or score in our modern jargon, you had to touch the boundaries of the circle with the ball.
As for the simple definition, how the invention of soccer, or football, came to be in our modern times lies in the Laws of the Game (or LOTG). The laws go back to 1863, when the codification of the laws, the setting in stone of these definitions, were placed and recognized.
The LOTG are the only set of football codes that FIFA subscribes to, meaning this set of rules which define our understanding of the beautiful game and how to play it are the only FIFA-verified rules. This basically means FIFA has dictated internationally that football is this way and only this way.
However, the International Football Association Board allows England’s power over football, but luckily FIFA’s got our backs, kind of:
The General Assembly is the supreme authority of The IFAB:
decides on changes to the Laws of the Game
appoints members of the Football- and Technical Advisory Panel.
Read more about our work: https://t.co/Gq7JryCmGI@FIFAcom @England @OfficialIrishFA @ScottishFA @FAWales pic.twitter.com/jgeYQUQUlK— The IFAB (@TheIFAB) January 26, 2018
There are 17 laws:
Law 1: The Field of Play
Law 2: The Ball
Law 3: The Players
Law 4: The Players’ Equipment
Law 5: The Referee
Law 6: The Other Match Officials
Law 7: The Duration of the Match
Law 8: The Start and Restart of Play
Law 9: Ball In and Out of Play
Law 10: Determining the Outcome of the Match
Law 11: Offside…HAH!
Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct
Law 13: Free Kicks (direct and indirect)
Law 14: The Penalty Kick
Law 15: The Throw In
Law 16: The Goal Kick
Law 17: The Corner Kick
Those are the 17 catechisms of football, break them and you will find yourself in eternal fire when you die. Just kidding, you’ll probably get a job with FIFA. As for a new proposition, I think Law 18 should be "The Missed Kick," just so Messi and Ronaldo’s World Cup penalties don’t go to complete waste.
Actually there is a Law 18, but it’s not written. The law is football jargon for referees having some common sense. Funny, some referees don’t have much of that.
The original number of laws were thought to be 14, but FIFA states actually only 13 may be the truth. Their archives have it all, including world domination plans by Brazil’s dream team, but that all went downhill when Neymar was born.
— FIFA.com (@FIFAcom) March 14, 2016
FIFA adopted the rules when they were conceived in Paris in 1904. The unrivaled football governing body was not the first or last to be conceived in Paris, if you know what I mean.
The rules, like any other set, have been amended numerously from the 1860s till now. How else do you think video assistant referees, VAR, plus a fourth substitution in extra time came into place this year? Or goal-line technology being permitted in 2012? Or Roman Abramovich banned from owning any club…never mind, scratch the last one, it didn’t go through.
When it comes to the age old question of who invented soccer, the answer is this: Humans did. Humans from all over the world invented soccer with each cultural participation completing the mosaic of football.
England took the mosaic, framed it and nailed it on the wall though.